Sugarcane produces about 10 to 12 tonnes of dry leaves per hectare per crop. The detrashing is done on 5th and 7thmonth during its growth period. This trash contains 28.6%-organic carbon, 0.35 to 0.42% nitrogen, 0.04 to 0.15% phosphorus, 0.50 to 0.42% potassium. The sugarcane trash incorporation in the soil influences physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil. There is a reduction in soil EC, improvement in the water holding capacity, better soil aggregation and thereby improves porosity in the soil. Sugarcane trash incorporation reduces the bulk density of the soil and there is an increase in infiltration rate and decrease in penetration resistance. The direct incorporation of chopped trash increases the availability of nutrients leading to soil fertility. Sugarcane trash can be easily composted by using the fungi like Trichurus, Aspergillus, Penicillium and Trichoderma. Addition of rock phosphate and gypsum facilitates for quicker decomposition.
Read More about “Sugarcane Trash Composting” at TNAU Agritech Portal